Staff Selection Commission

Staff Selection Commission (SSC) is an organization under Government of India to recruit staff for various posts in the various Ministries and Departments of the Government of India and in Subordinate Offices. This commission is an attached office of the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) which consists of Chairman, two Members and a Secretary-cum-Controller of Examinations. His post is equivalent to the level of Additional Secretary to the Government of India.

The Estimates committee in the Parliament recommended the setting up of a Service Selection Commission in its 47th report (1967-68) for conducting examinations to recruit lower categories of posts. Later, in the Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms, on 4th November of 1975 Government of India constituted a commission called Subordinate Service Commission. On 26th September 1977, Subordinate Services Commission was renamed as Staff Selection Commission. The functions of Staff Selection Commission were redefined by The Government of India through Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions on 21st May 1999. Then the new constitution and functions of Staff Selection Commission came into effect from 1st June 1999

Head Quarters Staff Selection Commission has its head quarters located at New Delhi. At present it has seven Regional offices at Allahabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, Guwahati, Chennai, Bangalore. It also has two Sub- Regional offices at Raipur and Chandigarh. Each Regional office is headed by a Regional Director and each Sub-Regional office is headed by a Deputy Director.

  • SSC-CGLE (Combined Graduate Level Examination)
  • SSC-JE (Junior Engineer CPWD examination)
  • CPO(SI) Examination (Central Police Organization (SI) Examination)
  • SSC CHSL Examination (Combined Higher Secondary Level Examination)
  • JT Examination (Junior Translator CSOL Examination)

The SSC conducts open examinations regularly for posts for which large number ofvacancies exist, these are : Graduate Level- Assistants, Auditors/Jr.Accountants/Upper Division Clerks, Divisional Accountants, Inspectors of Income Tax/Central Excise, Sub-Inspectors in Central Police Organisations (CRPF, BSF, CISF, ITBP and SSB) and the CBI, Section Officer (Commercial) and Section Officer (Audit). Matric Level- Stenographer Grade `C`, Stenographer Grade `D`, and Lower Division Clerks. Direct interviews are held for some posts, called Selection Posts, after inviting applications through advertisements, as and when such vacancies are reported to the Commission. Some of such posts are Statistical Assistant, Store Keeper, Jr/Sr. Computors, Information Assistant, etc.

AGE:
The age limits are different for different posts and are too confirmed from the Notice of exam published in the Employment News / Rozgar Samachar. Generally, the age limits are 18 to 27 years on the crucial date. The age concession in the upper age limit for SCs/STs is 5 years, for OBCs it is 3 years and for physically handicapped candidates it is 10 years. For widows, divorced women and judicially seperated women, the agelimit is 35 years for UR category; 40 years for SC/ST women and 38 years for OBC women. The Notice of the Exam may be consulted regarding age relaxations for Ex-servicemen and Departmental candidates.

EDUCATION QUALIFICATION:
•  Graduate Level Examination- The eligibility for this examination is graduation or equivalent in any other discipline.
•  Combined Matric Level Examination- The eligibility for this examination is matriculation.
•  Combined Higher Secondary Level Examination- The eligibility for this examination is 12th class or equivalent in any other discipline.
•  The age limit depends on different posts for appearing in SSC examination. Candidates can get complete information about it from the employment new/Rozgar samachar. However, the general age limit for appearing SSC examination is 18 to 27 years (relaxation in age is available for reserved candidates).
•  The educational qualification depends on different posts that generally vary from 10th class to graduation level.

SSC CGL Selection Procedure:
The different stages of SSC CGL Selection Procedure are explained below:

Tier –I:

  • This is the first stage of SSC CGL Selection Procedure. This stage will be treated as only qualifying.
  • The stage will test the basic understanding of the candidates.
  • From this year, Tier-I exam will be conducted in Computer Based Mode comprising of 200 marks Objective Multiple Choice Type questions.
  • Tier-I is used to screen the candidates for appearing in Tier-II examination for various papers which will be specifically required for different groups of posts.
  • Marks of screened candidates in Tier-I will be taken into account for final ranking.
  • The Tier-I marks will be taken into consideration for selecting them for the Computer Proficiency Tests (CPT)/Data Entry Skill Test (DEST) and also for final selection.
  • The candidates who are declared qualified in Tier-I as per the cut off marks fixed by the Commission will be eligible to appear in Tier-II of the said examination.

Tier-II

  • Only those candidates who qualify the Tier-I examination of SSC CGL will appear for the Tier-II examination.
  • The Tier-II examination of SSC CGL 2016 will consist of Objective Type Multiple Choice Questions comprising of 800 marks.
  • Tier –II of the examination will comprise of four papers in total. Each Paper will be for two hours. Out of these papers, two papers (Paper-I and Paper-II) are compulsory for all.
  • The Standard of the Paper-I will be of 10th Standard level, Paper-II will be of 10+2 level and Paper-III & Paper-IV will be of graduation level.
  • Candidates who qualify the Tier-II will be allowed to appear for Tier-III exam of SSC CGL 2016 Exam.

Tier-III

  • This is an additional stage introduced from this year by SSC which is also known Descriptive Test.
  • The test will be for 100 marks.
  • The Tier-III exam will be held in Pen and Paper mode.
  • This paper has been introduced to assess the writing skills of the candidates which are necessary in Government jobs.
  • The qualifying marks in Tier-III will be 33 per cent.
  • The questions in this paper will be of 10+2 standard.
  • The marks obtained by the candidates in Tier-I & Tier-II together will determine the eligibility of the candidates to appear in Tier-III.

Tier-IV

  • The marks obtained by the candidates in Tier I & Tier II together, will determine the eligibility of the candidates to appear in Tier IV.
  • Tier-IV of the Examination will continue to be the Data Entry Skill Test (DEST) /Computer Proficiency Test (CPT) which will be of a qualifying nature.
  • Final Selection of Candidates
  • The final merit will be prepared on overall performance in Tier-I, Tier-II and Tier-III. However, the candidate will need to qualify all the tiers i.e. Tier-I, Tier-II and Tier-III separately.
  • There will be no sectional cut off.
  • After the Computer Based Test, Descriptive Test and the Data Entry Skill Test/Computer Proficiency Test/Document verification wherever applicable, the Commission will draw up the All India Merit List for each category of post.
  • The Commission will recommend the candidates in the Merit List on the basis of the aggregate marks obtained by the candidates in the Computer Based Test, Descriptive Test and Preference exercised by the candidates in the Application Form for different Posts.
  • As many candidates as are found by the Commission to have qualified in the Examination shall be recommended for appointment for each category of post-up to the number of vacancies available, taking into consideration option for the posts.

SSC CGL Tier 1 New Exam Pattern

S.No Test Type Subject Questions Marks Duration
1. Computer Based General Intelligence & Reasoning 50 50 75 Minutes
2. General Awareness 50 50
3. Quantitative Aptitude 50 50
4. English 50 50
Total 200 200


SSC CGL Tier 2 New Exam Pattern

Exam Part Subject Questions Marks Duration Negative Marking
Written Test I Quantitative Ability 100 200 2 Hours 0.50
II English 200 200 2 Hours 0.25


The SSC Board had introduced descriptive paper for the candidates those who qualified in the Tier II Exam.

Tier Mode Of Examination Subject Name Marks Time
III Pen and paper Precise Writing 100 60 Minutes
IV DEST/CPT

SSC CGL Tier I Exam Syllabus :-

General Intelligence & Reasoning : It would include questions of both verbal and non-verbal type. This component may include questions on analogies, similarities and differences, space visualization, spatial orientation, problem solving, analysis, judgement, decision making, visual memory, discrimination, observation, relationship concepts, arithmetical reasoning and figurative classification, arithmetic number series, non-verbal series.

Coding and decoding, statement conclusion, syllogistic reasoning etc. The topics are, Semantic Analogy, Symbolic/Number Analogy, Figural Analogy, Semantic Classification, Symbolic/Number Classification, Figural Classification, Semantic Series, Number Series, Figural Series, Problem Solving, Word Building, Coding & de-coding, Numerical Operations, symbolic Operations, Trends, Space Orientation, Space Visualization.

Venn Diagrams, Drawing inferences, Punched hole/pattern –folding & unfolding, Figural Pattern – folding and completion, Indexing, Address matching, Date & city matching, Classification of centre codes/roll numbers, Small & Capital letters/numbers coding, decoding and classification, Embedded Figures, Critical thinking, Emotional Intelligence, Social Intelligence, Other sub-topics, if any.

General Awareness : Questions in this component will be aimed at testing the candidates general awareness of the environment around him and its application to society. Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of every day observations and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of any educated person. The test will also include questions relating to India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research.

Quantitative Aptitude : The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The scope of the test will be computation of whole numbers, decimals fractions and relationships between numbers, Percentage, Ratio & Proportion, Square roots, Averages, Interest, Profit and Loss, Discount, Partnership Business, Mixture and Allegation, Time and distance, Time & Work, Basic algebraic identities of School.

Algebra & Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear Equations, Triangle and its various kinds of centres, Congruence and similarity of triangles, Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles, Triangle, Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons , Circle, Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallel0piped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base, Trigonometric ratio, Degree and Radian Measures, Standard Identities, Complementary angles, Heights and Distances, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart.

English Comprehension : Candidates’ ability to understand correct English, his basic comprehension and writing ability, etc. would be tested. Questions will be based on will be based onspot the error, fill in the blanks, synonyms, antonyms, spelling/detecting mis-spelt words, idioms & phrases, one word substitution, improvement of sentences.

TIER II PATTERN:- It will also be Objective Type Online Paper.

PAPER Subject Questions Marks
IV General Studies
(Finance and Economics)
100 (60+40) 200
III Statistics 100 200
I Quantitative Abilities 100 200
II English Language & Comprehension 200 200

•    Time Duration is 120 minutes (2 Hour) for Each of the Papers.
•    There will be negative marking of 0.25 marks in Paper-II and 0.50 marks in Paper-I and Paper-III for each wrong answer.

NOTE:- Paper-I & II are compulsory for all the categories of posts. Paper-III is only for those candidates who apply for the post of Statistical Investigator Gr.II & Compiler & Paper IV is only for Assistant Audit Officer..

•    Paper-IV will be for those candidates who have applied for the post of Assistant Audit Officer (AAO) in C&AG. The said paper would comprise two parts i.e., Finance and Accounts for which there would be 40 questions carrying 80 marks and Economics and Governance which would have 60 questions carrying 120 marks. In all there would be 100 questions carrying 200 Marks with each question carrying two marks.

SSC CGL Tier II Syllabus:-

Paper-I ► Quantitative Ability : The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The scope of the test will be the computation of whole numbers, decimals ,fractions and relationships between numbers, Percentage. Ratio & Proportion,Square roots, Averages, Interest, Profit and Loss, Discount, Partnership Business, Mixture and Alligation, Time and distance, Time & Work.

Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear Equations, Triangle and its various kinds of centres, Congruence and similarity of triangles, Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles, Triangle, Quadrilaterals, Regular Polygons , Circle.

Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere, Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base, Trigonometric ratio, Degree and Radian Measures, Standard Identities, Complementary angles, Heights and Distances, Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar diagram & Pie chart

Paper-II ► English Language & Comprehension: Questions in this components will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding and knowledge of English Language and will be based on spot the error, fill in the blanks, synonyms, antonyms, spelling/detecting mis-spelt words, idioms & phrases, one word substitution, improvement of sentences, active/passive voice of verbs, conversion into direct/indirect narration, shuffling of sentence parts, shuffling of sentences in a passage, cloze passage & comprehension passage.

Paper-III ► Statistics for Investigator Grade-II:
Collection Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data – Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.

Measures of Central Tendency– Common measures of central tendency – mean median andmode; Partition values- quartiles, deciles, percentiles.

Measures of Dispersion– Common measures dispersion – range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion.

Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis – Different types of moments and their relationship; meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.

Correlation and Regression – Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman’s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only).

Probability Theory – Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes’ theorem.

Random Variable and Probability Distributions – Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial , Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete).

Sampling Theory – Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and non-sampling errors; Probability and non-probability sampling techniques(simple randomsampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution(statement only); Sample size decisions.

Statistical Inference – Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chi-square and F statistic, Confidence intervals.

Analysis of Variance – Analysis of one-way classified data and two-way classified data.

Time Series Analysis – Components of time series, Determinations of trend component by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods.

Index Numbers – Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.

Paper IV ► General Studies (Finance and Economics) for the post of Assistant Audit Officer in Indian Audit & Accounts Department under CAG.

Part A:  Finance and Accounts – (80 marks)

1. Fundamental principles and basic concept of Accounting. Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial Accounting, Basic concepts and Conventions, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.

Basic concepts of accounting : Single and double entry, Books of original Entry, Bank Reconciliation, Journal, ledgers, Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors, Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & loss Appropriation Accounts, Balance Sheet Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting, Valuation of Inventories, Non-profit organisations Accounts, Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts, Bills of Exchange, Self Balancing Ledgers.
Part B: Economics and Governance – (120 marks)

2. Comptroller & Auditor General of India- Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility.

3. Finance Commission-Role and functions.

4. Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics Definition, scope and nature of Economics, Methods of economic study and Central problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve.

5. Theory of Demand and Supply Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand, Price, income and cross elasticity; Theory of consumer’s behaviour-Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach, Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of Supply.

6. Theory of Production and cost Meaning and Factors of production; Laws of production- Law of variable proportions 22 and Laws of returns to scale.

7. Forms of Market and price determination in different markets Various forms of markets-Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly ad Price determination in these markets.

8. Indian Economy Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors-Role of Agriculture, Industry and Services-their problems and growth; National Income of India-Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income

Population -Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth Poverty and unemployment- Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment Infrastructure-Energy, Transportation, Communication.

9. Economic Reforms in India Economic reforms sice 1991; Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation and Disinvestment.

10. Money and Banking Monetary/ Fiscal policy- Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003.

11. Role of Information Technology in Governance.

TIER III Exam

An additional stage of Examination, i.e. Tier-III, has been introduced w.e.f. CGLE, 2016. Details about Tier III Exam is given below……….

  • Tier III would be a Descriptive type paper of 100 marks in Pen and Paper mode.
  • The duration of the paper would be one hour (60 Minutes).
  • This paper has been introduced to assess the writing skills of the candidates which is necessary in Government jobs.
  • The Paper would comprise writing of an Essay/ Passage of 250 words and Letter /Application Writing of approximately 150 words.
  • The qualifying marks in Tier-III would be 33 per cent. The paper will have to be written either in Hindi or in English. Part paper written in Hindi and Part in English will not be evaluated. The questions in this paper would be of 10+2 standard.

Tier-IV of the Examination would continue to be the Data Entry Skill Test (DEST) /Computer Proficiency Test (CPT) which would be of a qualifying nature.